Saturday, August 8, 2015

MN Roy

This is half baked information about MN Roy via Osho, the God-man, who is right in saying that in this country Babas can easily exploit the blind belief. In 1920 he had founded Communist Party of India in Tashkent with Indian Mujahirs. Its first convention in India was held in India in 1925 at Kanpur. All those who attended the convention were warranted under what is known as Kanpur conspiracy case. Many were arrested and many went underground. Roy was living in Germany that time but was warranted in absence. He was arrested immediately after landing in India in 1930. By the end of the 19th century militant nationalism under the leadership of the educated youth was gaining ground and became quite pronounced by the time. MN Roy whose birth name was Narenranath Bhattacharya, after getting rusticated from the school for organizing a meeting against the partition of the Bengal in 1905. He moved to Calcutta and formed a freethinker group and subsequently joined Anushilan, an underground group committed to liberate the country by armed means. Bhattacharya was entrusted to procure arms and money from kaiser Wilhem's Germany at odds with Britain. He set out for it could not procure the arms but through a circuitous route - Andaman-Indonesia-Japan-korea -- reached San Francisco and then to New York city. In US he met Evelyn Trent, a Marxist fell in love with her and they subsequently married. He along with Evelyn participated in the foundation of Mexican Communist Party and represented it in the 2nd Congress of the Comintern (Communist International). He was entrusted by Lenin to pepare a thesis on national and colonial question and came up with an unrealistic draft, though an alternative to Lenin's more realistic assessment of colonial state and nationalistic movements, yet it was accepted as supplementary thesis. Roy's line was adopted by the 6th congress of the Comintern but in the same congress Roy was expelled from it. Indian communists became divided between followers of Comintern and the Royists. Roy subsequently became a radical humanist.

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